Nov. Ab dem Jahr soll eine gigantische Pipeline am Grund des Mittelmeers Erdgas aus Israel nach Griechenland, Zypern und Italien liefern. 8. Mai Israel, Zypern und Griechenland haben größere Projekt im Blick: Bald sollen ihre Strom- und Telekommunikationsnetze miteinander verbunden. Juni Griechenland, Israel und Zypern wollen das politische und wirtschaftliche Blatt im östlichen Mittelmeer wenden. Eine strategische Partnerschaft. Ma 3 jun 8 dagen. In the accession of the country in the European Communities and the single market was signed, and the process sky live wimbledon completed in The climate of Greece is primarily Mediterraneanfeaturing mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. Stanford University Press, Greek cuisine and Südkorea deutschland wine. Address to the Reichstag. Greeks have a long tradition of valuing and investing in paideia educationwhich was upheld as world championship snooker 2019 of the highest societal values in the Greek and Hellenistic world. Greece is a developed country aufstellung italien 2019 a high standard of living and a high ranking in the Filme im casino aschaffenburg Development Index. Retrieved 23 July Unlike many other news organizations, we have not put up a paywall. A History of the Global Economy. As a means of preventing counterfeitsthe paper on which it is printed bears a watermarksecurity thread and fluorescent overprint elements but otherwise lacks security features i. You may send this item to up to five 30 free spins 888 casino.
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Ma 6 mei 8 dagen. Seventy-two percent of Greek adults aged 25—64 have completed upper secondary education, which is slightly less than the OECD average of 74 percent.
This score is lower than the OECD average of On average, girls outperformed boys by 15 points, much more than the average OECD gap of two points.
Greece has universal health care. In a World Health Organization report, its health care system ranked 14th in overall performance of countries surveyed.
Life expectancy in Greece is The culture of Greece has evolved over thousands of years, beginning in Mycenaean Greece and continuing most notably into Classical Greece , through the influence of the Roman Empire and its Greek Eastern continuation, the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire.
Other cultures and nations, such as the Latin and Frankish states , the Ottoman Empire , the Venetian Republic , the Genoese Republic , and the British Empire have also left their influence on modern Greek culture, although historians credit the Greek War of Independence with revitalising Greece and giving birth to a single, cohesive entity of its multi-faceted culture.
In ancient times, Greece was the birthplace of Western culture. The ancient Greeks pioneered in many fields that rely on systematic thought, including biology, geometry, history,  philosophy,  physics and mathematics.
In their pursuit of order and proportion, the Greeks created an ideal of beauty that strongly influenced Western art. Artistic production in Greece began in the prehistoric pre-Greek Cycladic and the Minoan civilizations, both of which were influenced by local traditions and the art of ancient Egypt.
There were several interconnected traditions of painting in ancient Greece. Due to their technical differences, they underwent somewhat differentiated developments.
Not all painting techniques are equally well represented in the archaeological record. The most respected form of art, according to authors like Pliny or Pausanias , were individual, mobile paintings on wooden boards, technically described as panel paintings.
Also, the tradition of wall painting in Greece goes back at least to the Minoan and Mycenaean Bronze Age , with the lavish fresco decoration of sites like Knossos , Tiryns and Mycenae.
Much of the figural or architectural sculpture of ancient Greece was painted colourfully. This aspect of Greek stonework is described as polychrome.
Ancient Greek sculpture was composed almost entirely of marble or bronze ; with cast bronze becoming the favoured medium for major works by the early 5th century.
Both marble and bronze are easy to form and very durable. Chryselephantine sculptures, used for temple cult images and luxury works, used gold , most often in leaf form and ivory for all or parts faces and hands of the figure, and probably gems and other materials, but were much less common, and only fragments have survived.
By the early 19th century, the systematic excavation of ancient Greek sites had brought forth a plethora of sculptures with traces of notably multicolored surfaces.
It was not until published findings by German archaeologist Vinzenz Brinkmann in the late 20th century, that the painting of ancient Greek sculptures became an established fact.
The art production continued also during the Byzantine era. If classical art was marked by the attempt to create representations that mimicked reality as closely as possible, Byzantine art seems to have abandoned this attempt in favor of a more symbolic approach.
The Byzantine painting concentrated mainly on icons and hagiographies. The Macedonian art Byzantine was the artistic expression of Macedonian Renaissance , a label sometimes used to describe the period of the Macedonian dynasty of the Byzantine Empire — , especially the 10th century, which some scholars have seen as a time of increased interest in classical scholarship and the assimilation of classical motifs into Christian artwork.
The first artistic movement in the Greek Kingdom can be considered the Greek academic art of the 19th century Munich School. The architecture of ancient Greece was produced by the ancient Greeks Hellenes , whose culture flourished on the Greek mainland, the Aegean Islands and their colonies , for a period from about BC until the 1st century AD, with the earliest remaining architectural works dating from around BC.
The formal vocabulary of ancient Greek architecture, in particular the division of architectural style into three defined orders: Byzantine architecture is the architecture promoted by the Byzantine Empire , also known as the Eastern Roman Empire, which dominated Greece and the Greek speaking world during the Middle Ages.
The empire endured for more than a millennium , dramatically influencing Medieval architecture throughout Europe and the Near East, and becoming the primary progenitor of the Renaissance and Ottoman architectural traditions that followed its collapse.
After the Greek Independence , the modern Greek architects tried to combine traditional Greek and Byzantine elements and motives with the western European movements and styles.
Patras was the first city of the modern Greek state to develop a city plan. In January , Stamatis Voulgaris , a Greek engineer of the French army, presented the plan of the new city to the Governor Kapodistrias , who approved it.
Voulgaris applied the orthogonal rule in the urban complex of Patras. Two special genres can be considered the Cycladic architecture , featuring white-coloured houses, in the Cyclades and the Epirotic architecture in the region of Epirus.
After the establishment of the Greek Kingdom , the architecture of Athens and other cities was mostly influenced by the Neoclassical architecture.
For Athens, the first King of Greece , Otto of Greece , commissioned the architects Stamatios Kleanthis and Eduard Schaubert to design a modern city plan fit for the capital of a state.
Theatre in its western form was born in Greece. Tragedy late 6th century BC , comedy BC , and the satyr play were the three dramatic genres to emerge there.
During the Byzantine period, the theatrical art was heavily declined. According to Marios Ploritis, the only form survived was the folk theatre Mimos and Pantomimos , despite the hostility of the official state.
The renaissance which led to the modern Greek theatre, took place in the Venetian Crete. Significal dramatists include Vitsentzos Kornaros and Georgios Chortatzis.
The modern Greek theatre was born after the Greek independence , in the early 19th century, and initially was influenced by the Heptanesean theatre and melodrama, such as the Italian opera.
During the late 19th and early 20th century, the Athenian theatre scene was dominated by revues , musical comedies , operettas and nocturnes and notable playwrights included Spyridon Samaras , Dionysios Lavrangas , Theophrastos Sakellaridis and others.
Greek literature can be divided into three main categories: Ancient, Byzantine and modern Greek literature. Athens is considered the birthplace of Western literature.
In the classical period many of the genres of western literature became more prominent. Lyrical poetry , odes , pastorals , elegies , epigrams ; dramatic presentations of comedy and tragedy ; historiography , rhetorical treatises, philosophical dialectics, and philosophical treatises all arose in this period.
The two major lyrical poets were Sappho and Pindar. The Classical era also saw the dawn of drama. Of the hundreds of tragedies written and performed during the classical age, only a limited number of plays by three authors have survived: The surviving plays by Aristophanes are also a treasure trove of comic presentation, while Herodotus and Thucydides are two of the most influential historians in this period.
The greatest prose achievement of the 4th century was in philosophy with the works of the three great philosophers.
Byzantine literature refers to literature of the Byzantine Empire written in Atticizing , Medieval and early Modern Greek , and it is the expression of the intellectual life of the Byzantine Greeks during the Christian Middle Ages.
Although popular Byzantine literature and early Modern Greek literature both began in the 11th century, the two are indistinguishable.
Modern Greek literature refers to literature written in common Modern Greek, emerging from late Byzantine times in the 11th century.
The Cretan Renaissance poem Erotokritos is undoubtedly the masterpiece of this period of Greek literature. It is a verse romance written around by Vitsentzos Kornaros — Later, during the period of Greek enlightenment Diafotismos , writers such as Adamantios Korais and Rigas Feraios prepared with their works the Greek Revolution — Two Greek authors have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature: George Seferis in and Odysseas Elytis in Most western philosophical traditions began in Ancient Greece in the 6th century BC.
The first philosophers are called "Presocratics," which designates that they came before Socrates , whose contributions mark a turning point in western thought.
The Presocratics were from the western or the eastern colonies of Greece and only fragments of their original writings survive, in some cases merely a single sentence.
A new period of philosophy started with Socrates. Like the Sophists , he rejected entirely the physical speculations in which his predecessors had indulged, and made the thoughts and opinions of people his starting-point.
Aspects of Socrates were first united from Plato , who also combined with them many of the principles established by earlier philosophers, and developed the whole of this material into the unity of a comprehensive system.
Aristotle of Stagira , the most important disciple of Plato, shared with his teacher the title of the greatest philosopher of antiquity.
But while Plato had sought to elucidate and explain things from the supra-sensual standpoint of the forms, his pupil preferred to start from the facts given us by experience.
Except from these three most significant Greek philosophers other known schools of Greek philosophy from other founders during ancient times were Stoicism , Epicureanism , Skepticism and Neoplatonism.
Byzantine philosophy refers to the distinctive philosophical ideas of the philosophers and scholars of the Byzantine Empire , especially between the 8th and 15th centuries.
It was characterised by a Christian world-view, but one which could draw ideas directly from the Greek texts of Plato , Aristotle , and the Neoplatonists.
On the eve of the Fall of Constantinople , Gemistus Pletho tried to restore the use of the term "Hellene" and advocated the return to the Olympian Gods of the ancient world.
After a number of Greek Byzantine scholars who fled to western Europe contributed to the Renaissance. In modern period, Diafotismos Greek: Greek vocal music extends far back into ancient times where mixed-gender choruses performed for entertainment, celebration and spiritual reasons.
Instruments during that period included the double-reed aulos and the plucked string instrument, the lyre , especially the special kind called a kithara.
Music played an important role in the education system during ancient times. Boys were taught music from the age of six.
While the new technique of polyphony was developing in the West, the Eastern Orthodox Church resisted any type of change. Therefore, Byzantine music remained monophonic and without any form of instrumental accompaniment.
As a result, and despite certain attempts by certain Greek chanters such as Manouel Gazis, Ioannis Plousiadinos or the Cypriot Ieronimos o Tragoudistis , Byzantine music was deprived of elements of which in the West encouraged an unimpeded development of art.
However, this method which kept music away from polyphony, along with centuries of continuous culture, enabled monophonic music to develop to the greatest heights of perfection.
Byzantium presented the monophonic Byzantine chant ; a melodic treasury of inestimable value for its rhythmical variety and expressive power. Along with the Byzantine Church chant and music, the Greek people also cultivated the Greek folk song Demotiko which is divided into two cycles, the akritic and klephtic.
The akritic was created between the 9th and 10th centuries and expressed the life and struggles of the akrites frontier guards of the Byzantine empire, the most well known being the stories associated with Digenes Akritas.
The klephtic cycle came into being between the late Byzantine period and the start of the Greek War of Independence. The klephtic cycle, together with historical songs, paraloghes narrative song or ballad , love songs, mantinades , wedding songs, songs of exile and dirges express the life of the Greeks.
For the first part of the next century, several Greek composers continued to borrow elements from the Heptanesean style.
Rebetiko , initially a music associated with the lower classes, later and especially after the population exchange between Greece and Turkey reached greater general acceptance as the rough edges of its overt subcultural character were softened and polished, sometimes to the point of unrecognizability.
Regarding the classical music, it was through the Ionian islands which were under western rule and influence that all the major advances of the western European classical music were introduced to mainland Greeks.
The region is notable for the birth of the first School of modern Greek classical music Heptanesean or Ionian School , Greek: In the 20th century, Greek composers have had a significant impact on the development of avant garde and modern classical music , with figures such as Iannis Xenakis , Nikos Skalkottas , and Dimitri Mitropoulos achieving international prominence.
Greek American composers known for their film scores include also Yanni and Basil Poledouris. During the dictatorship of the Colonels , the music of Mikis Theodorakis was banned by the junta and the composer was jailed, internally exiled, and put in a concentration camp ,  before finally being allowed to leave Greece due to international reaction to his detention.
Released during the junta years, Anthrope Agapa, ti Fotia Stamata Make Love, Stop the Gunfire , by the pop group Poll is considered the first anti-war protest song in the history of Greek rock.
Greece participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 35 times after its debut at the Contest. Greek cuisine is characteristic of the healthy Mediterranean diet , which is epitomised by dishes of Crete.
Throughout Greece people often enjoy eating from small dishes such as meze with various dips such as tzatziki , grilled octopus and small fish, feta cheese , dolmades rice, currants and pine kernels wrapped in vine leaves , various pulses , olives and cheese.
Olive oil is added to almost every dish. Some sweet desserts include melomakarona , diples and galaktoboureko , and drinks such as ouzo , metaxa and a variety of wines including retsina.
Greek cuisine differs widely from different parts of the mainland and from island to island. It uses some flavorings more often than other Mediterranean cuisines: Other common herbs and spices include basil , thyme and fennel seed.
Many Greek recipes, especially in the northern parts of the country, use "sweet" spices in combination with meat, for example cinnamon and cloves in stews.
Cinema first appeared in Greece in , but the first actual cine-theatre was opened in in Athens. In the Asty Films Company was founded and the production of long films began.
The s and early s are considered by many to be a "golden age" of Greek cinema. Directors and actors of this era were recognised as important figures in Greece and some gained international acclaim: More than sixty films per year were made, with the majority having film noir elements.
During the s and s, Theo Angelopoulos directed a series of notable and appreciated movies. Greece is the birthplace of the ancient Olympic Games , first recorded in BC in Olympia , and hosted the modern Olympic Games twice, the inaugural Summer Olympics and the Summer Olympics.
During the parade of nations Greece is always called first, as the founding nation of the ancient precursor of modern Olympics. The nation has competed at every Summer Olympic Games , one of only four countries to have done so.
Having won a total of medals 30 gold, 42 silver and 38 bronze , Greece is ranked 32nd by gold medals in the all-time Summer Olympic medal count.
Their best ever performance was in the Summer Olympics, when Greece finished second in the medal table with 10 gold medals. The Greek national football team , ranking 12th in the world in and having reached a high of 8th in the world in and ,  were crowned European Champions in Euro in one of the biggest upsets in the history of the sport.
As of [update] , it ranked 4th in the world and 2nd in Europe. The domestic top basketball league, A1 Ethniki , is composed of fourteen teams.
Greek basketball teams are the most successful in European basketball the last 25 years , having won 9 Euroleagues since the establishment of the modern era Euroleague Final Four format in , while no other nation has won more than 4 Euroleague championships in this period.
After the European Championship triumph of the Greek national basketball team, Greece became the reigning European Champion in both football and basketball.
They also won the silver medal at the Summer Olympics , the gold medal at the World League and the silver medals at the and European Championships.
The Greek league, the A1 Ethniki , is considered one of the top volleyball leagues in Europe and the Greek clubs have had significant success in European competitions.
Olympiacos is the most successful volleyball club in the country having won the most domestic titles and being the only Greek club to have won European titles; they have won two CEV Cups , they have been CEV Champions League runners-up twice and they have played in 12 Final Fours in the European competitions, making them one of the most traditional volleyball clubs in Europe.
Iraklis have also seen significant success in European competitions, having been three times runners-up of the CEV Champions League. Apart from these, cricket is relatively popular in Corfu.
The numerous gods of the ancient Greek religion as well as the mythical heroes and events of the ancient Greek epics The Odyssey and The Iliad and other pieces of art and literature from the time make up what is nowadays colloquially referred to as Greek mythology.
Apart from serving a religious function, the mythology of the ancient Greek world also served a cosmological role as it was meant to try to explain how the world was formed and operated.
The principal gods of the ancient Greek religion were the Dodekatheon , or the Twelve Gods , who lived on the top of Mount Olympus.
Apart from these twelve gods, Greeks also had a variety of other mystical beliefs, such as nymphs and other magical creatures. According to Greek law, every Sunday of the year is a public holiday.
In addition, there are four mandatory official public holidays: There are, however, more public holidays celebrated in Greece than are announced by the Ministry of Labour each year as either obligatory or optional.
The list of these non-fixed national holidays rarely changes and has not changed in recent decades, giving a total of eleven national holidays each year.
In addition to the national holidays, there are public holidays that are not celebrated nationwide, but only by a specific professional group or a local community.
On such days it is customary for schools to take the day off. Notable festivals, beyond the religious fests, include Patras Carnival , Athens Festival and various local wine festivals.
The city of Thessaloniki is also home of a number of festivals and events. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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For other uses, see Greece disambiguation and Hellas. Hellenistic Greece and Roman Greece. Wars of Alexander the Great and Roman Empire.
Byzantine Greece and Frankokratia. Byzantine Empire and Fourth Crusade. Phanariotes and Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Kingdom of Candia and Ionian Islands under Venetian rule.
History of modern Greece. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Greek War of Independence. List of islands of Greece. This section does not cite any sources.
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Political parties of Greece. Foreign relations of Greece. Judicial system of Greece and Law enforcement in Greece.
The Greek-made frigate Psara used by the Hellenic Navy. Administrative divisions of Greece. Greek shipping and List of ports in Greece.
List of Greek inventions and discoveries. List of cities in Greece. Largest cities or towns in Greece Hellenic Statistical Authority census . Hellenismos , Ancient Greek religion , and Romaniote Jews.
Greek language , Languages of Greece , and Minorities in Greece. Greek Diaspora and Immigration to Greece. Health care in Greece. Culture of Greece , Greeks , and List of Greeks.
Greek art , Byzantine art , and Modern Greek art. Ancient Greek architecture , Byzantine architecture , and Modern Greek architecture.
Theatre of ancient Greece and Modern Greek theatre. Greek literature , Byzantine literature , and Modern Greek literature.
Ancient Greek philosophy and Modern Greek Enlightenment. Greek cuisine and Greek wine. Public holidays in Greece.
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Written by four leading authorities on the classical world, here is a new history of ancient Greece that dynamically presents a generation of new scholarship on the birthplace of Western civilization.
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They formed an alliance, which we call the Hellenic League, and bound themselves not just to repel the Persians, but to help one another whatever particular enemy threatened the freedom of the Greek cities.
This was a real acknowledgment of a shared Greekness, and a first attempt to unify the Greek states under such a banner.
This Hellenic League — the first union of Greek states since the mythical times of the Trojan War — was the instrument through which the Greeks organized their successful resistance to Persia.
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Retrieved 6 April Again, during the first great siege of Corfu by the Turks in , Angelocastro In , when they once more invaded Corfu, the Turks again unsuccessfully attacked, Angelocastro, where 4, people had taken refuge.
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In , however, a revolt brought about important changes in the political system that led to the so-called "crowned democracy", i.
The total number of Christians who fled to Greece was probably in the region of I. According to the official records of the Mixed Commission set up to monitor the movements, the Greeks who were transferred after numbered , and the number of Muslims expelled to Turkey was , Ladas I, — , but using the same source Eddy , states that the post exchange involved , Greeks from Turkey and , Muslims from Greece.
Nationalism in Greece and Turkey. Journal of Genocide Research. The New York Times. Idea Journal of Social Issues. The Diaspora Welcomes the Pope".
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Introduction Migration movements from and to, or via Greece, are an age-old phenomenon. Situated at the crossroads of three continents Europe, Asia, and Africa , Greece has been, at different historical times, both a labour Youth policy in Greece: Council of Europe international review.
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Archived from the original PDF on 25 September Retrieved 2 August Retrieved 20 February Archived from the original PDF on 25 April Retrieved 22 December Retrieved 26 January Retrieved 29 January Retrieved 2 February — via Ek logika.
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Greece, for example, traded away the rights to airport fees and lottery proceeds in years to come. Greece actually executed the swap transactions to reduce its debt-to-gross-domestic-product ratio because all member states were required by the Maastricht Treaty to show an improvement in their public finances," Laffan said in an e-mail.
One of the more intriguing lines from that latter piece says: Did Britain hide its debts? Was Goldman Sachs involved?
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